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Poverty Around The World
Children aged 6—23 months who receive a minimum acceptable diet What does this indicator tell us? New approaches to community engagement and working in vulnerable communities Developing new approaches to community engagement and understanding the ethical dimensions of working in vulnerable communities which have been widely influential in international health research. Read the latest situation report. Furthermore, The richest one-hundredth of 1 percent of American families — about 15, — accounted for less than 1 percent of national income in Children aged 6—23 months who receive a minimum acceptable diet. This indicator of gender equality is also an indicator of Millennium Development Goal 3:

Seminal intervention trials that fed directly into national and international policy

Capacity Strengthening

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Seminal intervention trials that fed directly into national and international policy Conducting seminal intervention trials against malaria that have fed directly into national and international policy which has contributed to the prevention of millions of deaths; these include trials of impregnated bed nets, the prevention of malaria in pregnant women, interventions to improve community based treatment and interventions to increase access to safe effective drugs. Developing new approaches to mapping and estimating the burden of diseases globally Developing new approaches to mapping and estimating the burden of malaria and other diseases in Kenya, Africa and globally and making it openly available for policy makers and researchers.

New approaches to building scientific capacity and leadership in Kenya and the region Developing new approaches to building scientific capacity and leadership in Kenya and the region by attracting the brightest graduates as masters and PhD students and providing the infrastructure for them to develop their careers as researchers. Cutting edge research to better understand immunity to malaria, bacterial and viral diseases Conducting cutting edge research to better understand immunity to malaria, bacterial and viral diseases.

New approaches to community engagement and working in vulnerable communities Developing new approaches to community engagement and understanding the ethical dimensions of working in vulnerable communities which have been widely influential in international health research. Understanding of how different bacterial, parasitic and viral infections interact with host factors Developing a focus on the sick child, which has provided a new understanding of how different bacterial, parasitic and viral infections interact with host factors such as nutrition and genetic factors.

The program will identify gaps in maternal and child health and nutrition services for disadvantaged communities, and support development of cross-sectoral strategies to combat malnutrition at the community level. This will be done through analytical work involving both primary and secondary data analysis to identify gaps and bottlenecks, informing the development of contextual and feasible strategies and technical assistance aimed at improving program design..

The objective of this grant is to produce estimates of the burden of malnutrition and disease for four states in India — Uttar Pradesh, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, and Meghalaya — consistent with the estimates and methods used for the overall Global Burden of Disease GBD Project.

GBD provides tools to quantify levels and trends of health loss due to diseases including malnutrition , injuries, and risk factors for countries from to Co-financed with the Gates Foundation, the SAFANSI-II project in India is to produce an essential tool for evidence-based nutrition and health policymaking and comparative metrics for different causes of premature death and disability.

In this phase, the project is to identify data and networks of collaborators and make preliminary estimates for the four states. The objective of SAFANSI-II project is to consolidate the work under SAFANSI-I, to further improve adaptive capacity, while improving the diagnosis of how market and government failures affect food security; supporting an experimentation-based approach to improve program design and implementation for FNS outcomes; taking the SO approach to new program interventions that aim to improve the functioning of the top-down public programs for food and nutrition security in India; and seeding a system of adaptive capacity to catalyze implementation for FNS outcomes in one new, nutrition focused programs in South Asia.

Thus far, SO has developed innovative tools and techniques, such as FNS participatory-tracking to improve the adaptive capacity of large-scale projects. The tools have helped substantially improve implementation of four targeted rural livelihoods projects in effectively addressing food and nutrition insecurity. SO has also collected primary data, including food prices paid by poor and rich. The team published 11 notes and reports related to Bihar and Tamil Nadu data collection thus far.

SO has measured the extent of differences in prices paid by the poor and rich, within the same village, for the same foods, demonstrated how an intervention can change gender norms in a highly patriarchal society, and developed an important new method to allow large numbers of citizens to measure and track their own progress on food and nutrition security related issues.

There also are 12 articles and briefs about SO on the Bank external websites, and 8 YouTube videos on methodologies and stakeholder interviews. More information is available at the Social Observatory Website. The project will support the state government in determining the overall strategy and design of a conditional cash transfer CCT program aimed at improving maternal and child health and nutrition practices and service utilization within the critical 1, day period.

It will draw on the implementation experience of CCT programs in India, including in Madhya Pradesh, as well as on lessons and best practice from international experience. Technical support will also be provided for piloting the CCT program, through the development of systems required for implementation such as i systems for registration of beneficiaries and recording achievement of conditions, ii payment systems iii operational procedures and manuals iv communication and awareness generation v monitoring and evaluation systems vi strategies for inter-departmental coordination; and vii grievance redressal mechanisms.

While the state government is expected to finance and lead the implementation of the pilot, continued technical assistance will be provided by the Bank to ensure implementation and monitoring systems developed are working effectively. The project aims to increase household access to micronutrients and enhance the contribution of the dairy sector to improving food and nutrition security of these households in India. The project development objective PDO of the impact evaluation is to estimate the causal effect of the Nutrition House Pilot Project in Tamil Nadu on nutrition indicators, and explore whether access to nutritious meals and services in the project areas result in increased nutrition outcomes.

A key intervention will seek to prepare nutrient-dense snacks and foods out of goods that are easily perishable or underutilized and that, in some cases, would otherwise be wasted. The transformation of the recovered food waste into nutrient-dense snacks and foods will take place at the Nutrition House, and will be prepared by beneficiaries students of the Chefs Certification Program.

The Nutrition House will host a restaurant-school that will offer workshops on nutrition and the benefits of underutilized foods, as well as on traditional recipes. The pilot will benefit communities by addressing the issue of food loss and waste through innovation and technology while promoting safe and nutritious foods and services.

This program will support i the design of a strategy for the development of nutrition and sanitation social enterprises in Bihar; and ii provide technical assistance for implementation of the same, contributing to improving access of nutrition and sanitation products and services to households as part of the recently approved Bihar Transformative Development Project USD million in the state.

Parliamentarians and State Legislators for Collective Action. The objective of this project is to improve the understanding of nutrition as a development issue among the Parliamentarians and State Legislators in India in order to seek all party solutions to increase public accountability on nutrition for better access to safe and nutritious food.

Success will be measured in terms of the number of Parliamentarians and State Legislators that are engaged in a collective action and commit to good nutrition through influencing public policy, programs, and institutional arrangements on food and nutrition in targeted areas. The firm selection is on-going, and the data collection is expected to commence in September SHD IE is to assess, through a household survey, effectiveness of an innovative Rapid Results Approach RRA , by which communities are motivated to achieve a self-selected goal in day cycles on nutrition outcomes and community development.

Despite delays due to earthquake and fuel crisis, the mid-term IE completed data collection. The preliminary data analysis indicates moderate impact of the SHD intervention on some of the main indicators e. However, it is not clear how it relates to goal choice at village level , which will be further analyzed together with the SAFANSI-II financed qualitative survey see below.

The mid-term IE, together with the qualitative survey, is expected to influence policies and support SHD scale up. The objective of this grant is to improve the evidence base and understanding of the design and process of Sunaula Hazar Din SHD, Community Action for Nutrition Project at the community level. Paying special attention to gender and social inclusion perspectives e.

Key research questions include how goals are selected at the community level; what roles coaches play in achieving goals; how having a female leader influences the RRA outcomes; how the communities perceive success and failure of the initiatives; and why certain groups succeed and others fail.

Given the mega-earthquake that hit the country in April , the study questions and methodologies will take into account the influence the earthquake might have had on the approach and intended outcomes. Prior to the earthquake, Nuwakot was categorized as minimally food insecure with a pre-existing global acute malnutrition prevalence of 9.

However, after the earthquake, the district was classified as one of the most food insecure districts in Nepal, because agricultural production has been interfered by displacement of families, damage to land, and disruption of livelihood supply chains.

Adolescent nutrition in Pakistan: The objective of this work will be to provide concrete policy and program options to improve adolescent nutrition in Pakistan, based on evidence of the magnitude and distribution of nutrition problems, their determinants and potential factors that could facilitate or impede progress. This project aims to improve the demand and uptake of health and nutrition services and promote key behaviors conducive to positive nutritional outcomes in Punjab pilot districts.

The technical support will ensure that the design parameters and processes meet the technical standards along the results chain. Sohail Saeed Abbasi and Yoonyoung Cho. This project will aim to establish a monitoring system for nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive public expenditure and embed it within the public financial management systems in Pakistan.

The project will work closely with the Controller General of Accounts, the institutional custodian of the public financial management system, to establish a system of tracking nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive expenditure. The overall development goal of this project is to strengthen the allocative and technical efficiencies for country-led planning, budgeting, and prioritization of nutrition interventions through health, nutrition, population, social protection, water, sanitation and hygiene WASH , education, and agriculture and rural development programs in up to 5 high-burden countries in South Asia i.

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka , and thereby enhance the impact of national and international investments. Second, it will develop options to address the challenges identified, make policy and programmatic recommendations and advocate for their adoption. The grant development objective of the INPARD program is to investigate whether a multi-sectoral rural development program can be utilized to deliver nutrition promotion intervention within rural Sri Lanka and whether this is effective in improving nutrition outcomes.

INPARD supported nutrition promotion activities implemented through multi-sectoral government stakeholders, including health, agriculture, rural development, administration, education, fisheries and Samurdhi poverty eradication national program. It is envisaged that the evaluation, composed of household survey and multi-stakeholder focus group discussions, is to build evidence to demonstrate linkages between health and nutrition outcomes and their upstream determinants, such as socioeconomic context, education, occupation, and income.

The team completed data collection, and data are being analyzed. The results will be shared at two regional workshops with multi-sectoral teams consisting of consists of stakeholders from health, agriculture, rural development, administration, education, fisheries and Samurdhi poverty eradication national program , amongst others , and presented at a South Asian Symposium later in Schmitt , Seenithamby Manoharan.

Building Effective Nutrition Communication through Partnerships: The grant a creates an evidence based public policy dialogue via offline and online communication platforms on estate nutrition issues to lead to the development of an estate nutrition plan of action; and b develops a collaborative network of public, private and NGO partners engaged in advocacy, community mobilization and ICT to take forward the development and implementation of an estate nutrition plan of action.

Over the last decades, studies have shown that the estate nutrition status is lagging behind the rest of the country, despite many nutrition and health interventions. In previous round , the SAFANSI-financed study has identified gaps in multi-sectoral approaches to nutrition interventions, suggesting improved knowledge and understanding of the multi-sectoral determinants of nutrition.

This grant supports mapping of key stakeholders and pilot innovative communication outreach in Estate, using ICT and social media. The project will assess whether a larger agriculture project could be integrated into multi-sectoral interventions and to improve the nutritional status of individual farmers, their families and communities.

It will add a significant amount of new evidence in identifying challenges for the implementation of common interventions and possible solutions to address them. This study aims to involve academia, a number of government ministries along with the media. Events will be organized for different levels of interactions from top to bottom at village , district, provincial and national levels. The objective is to identify successful behaviors of positive deviants that could enable estate sector residents to achieve better nutrition outcomes.

While the majority of nutrition studies and interventions tend to focus on problems and barriers that prevent children from reaching their full potential, the proposed positive deviance PD project will enable the key stakeholders to: You may explore this research below. An Investment Framework for Nutrition in Afghanistan: A rapid assessment of iron and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy through the basic package of health services.

Raising nutrition awareness among young women in Afghanistan through the female youth employment initiative.

Nutrition information with the pilot cash transfer program. Increasing the nutritional impact of the National Horticulture and Livestock Productivity project. The National Solidarity Programme: Using cash cards to make better nutrition choices in Bangladesh PDF. Dynamics of rural growth in Bangladesh: Early childhood diarrhea in rural Bangladesh. Dynamics of Rural Growth in Bangladesh: Improved nutrition through agricultural extension and advisory services in India. A targeted rural livelihoods program in Orissa.

Food and nutrition security in tribal areas of India. Promoting agriculture nutrition convergence through participatory extension videos.

Promoting positive nutrition behavior in Bihar, India. Digital Green Agriculture-Nutrition Convergence: Managing food price volatility in a large open country: Impacting food security and nutrition outcomes through strengthening livelihoods: Integrating nutrition in rural livelihoods and value chains and the role of producer companies. Jeevika in rural Bihar: A picture is worth a thousand words. What does the Social Observatory Do? Recasting culture to undo gender: The Distributional Consequences of Group Procurement: Participatory Tracking- Customizing Visualizations.

Improving nutrition in communities through behavior change: Nepal's scaling-up nutrition initiative technical assistance Pakistan. Child nutritional outcomes and community-based health service provision Regional. Integrating promotion and rural development. Sanjeevi, an enterprising solution for food and nutrition. The diets of young children in South Asia: How can we make healthy food available for the poor?

Improving diets in an era of food market transformation: Food Control System in Bhutan: Experiences and Challenges Ms.

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