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Are Legumes “Paleo”? And Does It Really Matter?

As a vegetarian, legumes are an essential part of my diet. Vicky, Thank you for being one of the tolerant vegetarians who realizes that we are all different people with different nutritional needs. There actually ARE Paleo vegetarians — they even have a couple of websites. This pretty much sums up why I feel true, strict paleo is silly.

Paleo promotes many, many healthy practices that entirely contradict the typical modern diet. A paleo diet is leaps and bounds better than the average diet, there is no question about this… But to specifically limit healthful foods simply because they were not consumed during our evolution is silly. Using this as a basis for our diets neglects many healthful foods, simply for an arbitrary reason. Yes, our ancestors likely had a much more balanced PUFA intake, a diet higher in MUFA and saturated fats, a higher protein and carbohydrate deficient diet, while simultaneously consuming zero processed foods and large quantities of vegetable matter… Sounds like a very healthy diet because these foods, for their own intrinsic benefits, are exceptionally healthful.

I wonder if sprouting beans, such as lentils prior to cooking is even better than simply soaking? Thank you for including your sources and really being critical of the evidence.

I look forward to more of your posts! But that is also true of modern, factory-farmed meat. Domestic animals have been bred for certain characteristics, just as veggies have. And some of the animals that Paleo man ate are now extinct. Even an iconic meat like bison is not exempt — they are making a comeback, but there are very few genetically pure bison to work with. They have been extensively interbred with domestic cattle. Science and nature are not helping the purists maintain their dogma.

As Chris keeps emphasizing, Paleo is a template. And diet is likely only one component of the health that Paleo people enjoyed. The article you refer to in you post in turn refers to a study by Iver et al. But a more resent study, http: I believe hot water soaking is the way to go if you are to get any significant effect. But it would be great to get your comment on this, Chris! Besides the good taste, and the fact it made me feel better, I like the paleo diet because it is based on science and facts about what foods do in the body—not dogma and old correlational studies and unbacked claims, which is all I have been able to find so far to support vegan and raw-vegan diets.

I am wondering if soaking, then grinding and fermenting using nut or dairy yogurt then steaming or baking legumes further reduces the toxins.

What about being resistant if they are now ground and in bread form? The same goes for fermenting nuts into cheese or yogurt, using probiotics. What does that do to the omega 3 vs. I also have seen no mention of beans in the mung group ie mung, moth, and urad. They are small like lentils. Lastly, when legumes are turned to dals split and skin removed are there fewer toxins? If these foods have benefits and no harm, it makes sense to eat them, if only to add variety to the diet.

However, perhaps my son and husband can tolerate them better? I do best on meats and fat, some veggies and fruit rarely. This made sense to me. But what I had read also suggested that, in your diet, those red skins may act to clear certain parasites from the digestive tract. I wonder if there could be any truth to that last part. I love how you point out how people get paleo-anal about beans, yet still eat chocolate, etc. We cut out all legumes when we first started eating this way.

But despite fish oil, plenty of coconut oil, good hydration, oily nuts, etc my friend got a little winter eczema inside her elbows and behind her knees. Then one day Mom decided we should be eating natural peanut butter—the kind with all the oil on top. Cured the eczema almost overnight. I tried it for my friend and had the same result. If she eats a tablespoon or so of it every other day, no eczema or rashes.

Hi Chris, I enjoy all your articles and thank you for evaluating facts in an un-biased way. A couple of comments: This is not a bad thing, but is kind of what Weston Pricers have been saying for a while. This must be a fairly recent practice. Yet Paleo advocates fermented foods as they should just like Weston Pricers. It would have been one of the few ways of preserving foods.

My point was that most lectins are destroyed by heat cooking or neutralized by simple sugars. So far evidence strongly suggests all the other way around and demonstrated that the mentioned food are mostly those to blame for the gut disruption.

Paleo man quite likely did eat fermented foods. Even wild animals will eat fermented berries that occur naturally. It would have been easy for people to duplicate this process — no special tools or equipment are needed. A few years ago, National Geographic Magazine had an article about a baby mammoth that had been exposed by thawing ice.

They discussed evidence that early man preserved and fermented meat by submerging parts of a kill in the lakes in the area, where lactic acid formation and fermentation on the outer surface would keep the meat from decay. I am O- btw, a relatively recently evolved type and I thrive on dairy. I have relatives and friends who are O- who bloat and sicken on it. I think there are more factors involved in food sensitivity than we presently understand.

It appears they can be acquired as well as possibly inherited, and that they can change over time. But, they grow seasonally and they are eating a varied diet. There re mains a pile of information that still needs correction re.

T his process is like the breast milk of newborn mammals. Unlike mammals, plant enemies are not those-that-eat-them, but cold from winter.

We humans duplicate this process by soaking seeds lentils, beans, nuts, seeds, grains then sprouting them. The magic is unmistakeable, to my African violet plants. Perhaps you would like to do some experimenting too?

On the question whether or not legumes are Paleo and does it matter, I would say that yes, legumes are Paleo, but only conditionally; and as to whether it matters: First, I think that in the end and for all practical purposes, you and Dr. Loren Cordain agree that legumes can be consumed by a Paleo dieter in moderation.

But at the top of the list is this quote: But you should try to avoid them most of the time. The diet generally consists of eating healthy meat, seafood, vegetables, fruits, and some nuts and seeds. As for the evolutionary perspective, legumes may have been eaten by our Paleolithic ancestors, but the link you provided as evidence is not enough to let us know how much they consumed them and how frequent.

They regarded them only as starvation foods. Anthropologist Chris Stringer has pointed out that though meat was very important food resource for our ancestors, it was unpredictable in obtaining.

Even at the beginnings of agriculture, wild grains and legumes were not food unless they were processed, i. Grain-and-legume based diet, as writer Richard Manning pointed out, requires sedentism. When did sedentism happen on a large scale and permanently? In the Neolithic era. The Neolitihic era must have been the time that humans started consuming these foods more frequently and became the staple of their diets, not the Paleolithic.

Can we consume them occasionally like our ancestors did? Why should we avoid legumes most of the time? The two antinutrients you mentioned in your article seems to me the least of the problems with legumes. They also have saponins, polyphenols: They have three times less protein than animal foods, and the little protein they do have are poorly digested.

Is it worth to consume legumes for that? But how much in comparison? And which is more worth it to consume, nuts or legumes? Given, as you say, they are prepared properly by soaking, fermenting, etc. But who has time and energy for that? I highly recommend Prof. Great post Chris, one of the things that occurs to me is many of the longest lived groups of people eat quantities of beans or grains.

One thing they have in common is traditional preparation methods and often fremented foods i. The microbiome for these people will be specifically adapted to these foods. I also note that they often have a pretty basic diet not frequently and radically varing it. Hi Chris, as a nutritionist and Crossfitter I am constantly reading and researching on diet and nutrition, in particular the Paleo diet.

I love reading your articles, and especially how you give a really well balanced, unbiased point of view based on multiple sources of research. The internet can be a confusing place to navigate for health information, not only for the general public but also for people like me involved in the health industry.

Thank you for providing such a great article to read and learn from. Looking forward to reading more! This is a great article. If your goal is optimal health than you will follow in the foot steps of you ancestors within general reason.

Make the exception the rule and you will join the ranks of millions of Americans who are…. Frankly very little of it is. Paleolithic people ate diets far different from our modern Paleo diet. If your ancestors lived in the far northern hemisphere most Americans have northern hemispheric heritage than you ought to be eating fish and red meat most of the winter. Very very little vegetation was consumed during the winter months. I myself eat very few carbs in the winter with an increase in fruit intake during the summer months.

In fact berries will significantly contribute to my calories during the summer with protein and fat in the winter North American Indian Diet. Maybe I should start a new fad!! Add some stress, health issues, or even age… and things could be different. Legumes are a great source of resistant starch — a prebiotic- necessary to feed gut flora.

Thank you for this post Chris. As a fellow acupuncturist, I rely on this kind of information to relay to my patients, and I really appreciate your contribution not only to our field but to the healthcare industry in general. I especially appreciate your brief discussion about dogma. And if only the world would heed his advice….

You see it a lot with T. So you want to be very, very careful of this ideology. In my mind, I have a little example I use whenever I think about ideology.

The example is these Scandinavia canoeists who succeeded in taming all the rapids of Scandinavia and they thought they would tackle the whirlpools of the Aron Rapids here in the United States. A big whirlpool is not something you want to go into, and I think the same is true about a really deep ideology.

I have what I call an iron prescription that helps me keep sane when I naturally drift toward preferring one ideology over another and that is: This business of not drifting into extreme ideology is a very, very important thing in life. A great reminder to keep your mind flexible and open to new possibilities.

Things are always shifting and changing! I tried doing the standard low-carb paleo and ended up with adrenal fatigue as a result. Something that I am still battling. And we need a certain amount of sodium in our diets. Even animals will seek out salt-licks I have caught my cat and dog licking my Himalayan salt lamp several times! In addition, I am sure there is a reason why that since prehistoric times salt has been seen as such a valuable trading commodity… I see no reason not to season food with high quality, unrefined sea salt or pink Himalayan salt if you are not eating a high-sodium SAD.

But I am not averse to a few traditionally non-paleo ingredients I do dark chocolate for example, and have been known to use organic sugar on occasion. I personally found sprouted lentils to be the least bad.

Peas can be eaten without soaking too. The rest, need more preparation. Kudos, Chris, for a logical, balanced post and overall approach. Chris — I really appreciate your approach of using Paleo as a template rather than a set of hard and fast rules. We all have to experiment and discover what works best for our bodies and lifestyles. Once you start eating them at least twice a day, after a few weeks, less gas, after 6 weeks, next to none at all. The body develops super efficient bacterial amounts in the large intestine to digest them well.

The other wonderful benefit of legumes is their massive amount of soluble fibre. This bonds with a strong chemical bond to the bile flowing into the duodenum, holds all the excess cholesterol like a strong magnet, excess oestrogen and other excess hormones trapped in the bile, as well as the toxins that the liver has diverted into the bile to clear out. So the digestive tracts of legume eaters do not recycle bile and all the rubbish is was attempting to carry out of the body — which is the usual process — it has to make a fresh batch.

What is bile made of? So beans provide a double benefit — they help rid the body of excess cholesterol and then the body uses up more cholesterol making necessary bile. Beans and lentils are a superfood, in my opinion.

I was at a Weston A Price conference years ago. One of the speakers, a GI MD talked about beans. This is why truly understanding your gut is essential! Keeping it fed , healthy and sealed is the root of great health IMO and healthy legumes not soy or peanuts is essential for this. Much appreciated for further growth and understanding. For people with hormones imbalance the issue with eating legumes is not lectins or phytic acid.

The real issue is the phytoestrogens in legumes. All legumes are high in phytoestrogens not just soy. I still have mixed feelings about paleo. There is some recent indication that evolution can take place much faster than we thought.

Why paleo, why not go back to when were were just starting to climb out of the sea? Which time period truy represents our nutritional needs? The activity of the compounds varies enormously depending on the nature of the sugars attached to the alkaloid or terpene. It has been shown that changing one single stereogenic center on the carbohydrate can completely alter the activity of the saponin or glycoalkaloid.

The carbohydrates attached to the alkaloids or terpenes have been shown to be easily cleaved or modified during digestion. In addition, saponins and glycoalkaloids have many different types of activities, some of which are beneficial. The studies that have shown saponins or glycoalkaloids to be detrimental to the gut are animal studies where massive amounts of the compounds were fed to the critters. The studies are simply not physiologically relevant.

There is currently no convincing evidence that cooked and ingested glycoalkaloids and saponins are harmful. Saponins go away with soaking. Same thing happens to quinoa, that also has saponins. Rinsing or soaking removes them. So while I absolutely do not agree with the evolutionary dogma of the paleo diet, what I do agree with is your perspective that it should be viewed as a basic guideline that may help many individuals particularly those struggling with chronic conditions to achieve improved health and wellbeing.

Since starting my real food journey over 6 years ago, I have found that my diet constantly needs to be adjusted and that although I could once eat simply gluten-free, now I must avoid all grains, except white rice on occasion. I also do well with certain legumes in moderation, but I do not do well at all with white potatoes.

So again, my point is that I appreciate the fact that you avoid elevating the paleo diet to the point of making it an all-or-nothing lifestyle. God created an amazing array of healthy foods for us and it truly is a blessing to be able to pick and choose from a wide variety of healthy foods to suit our particularly dietary needs.

Thank you again, Chris. I truly enjoy your blog. My husband on the other hand has no problem at all and loves them. I would rather see him eat beans than french fries or junk food. I embrace much of the Paleo life style, but find it too dogmatic and then a bit ridiculous. I hate to see the same things happening to Paleo that happened with the gluten free craze.

As an Italian, beans are one of the staples, but not eaten daily, maybe not even three times a week, but still a part of many dishes, especially dishes loaded with vegetables and olive oil. I see nothing unhealthy about those rustic dishes. Chris, there is another aspect to all of this. This goes for legumes, chocolate, alcohol etc.

If we acknowledge the nourishment as we eat the foods and express thanks for the abundance, these will most likely nourish our bodies. I think this is a fantastic article. I appreciate that you encourage people to explore what works for their bodies rather than sticking with a rigid set of rules set by someone else. Thank you so much for this article and all of your well done research! My first attempt at Paleo left me underweight and feeling miserable. Now I try to eat the foods that agree with MY body, and not just eliminate things in order to label myself as Paleo.

This article was incredibly helpful and shows that I have no reason to feel guilty for eating a properly prepared serving of legumes. Chris, I LOVE to cook and eat, and I make many of my own foods from scratch if I feel they will substantially superior to a purchased item ie, almond milk, bone broth, etc.

But even I, a self-professed foodie, have been finding all of the special food shopping and prep for paleo to be daunting and monopolizing my time. Congratulations on your Dr. I used to teach macrobiotic cooking and I always soaked beans overnight, discarded that water, then pressure cooked them with kombu. And yet… my entire family still had digestive issues. Sometimes even cooked this way the beans were still harder than they should have been.

Now I wonder why I went through all this trouble when I can cook some burgers in 10 minutes, they will be delicious, my family will enjoy them a heck of a lot more, and we all get more protein?!? Paleo does not require imitating our ancestors but taking them as a reference. Paleo is supposed to be a risk minimization strategy based on the notion that the more foreign elements we include in our diet, the higher the chance we suffer a metabolic derailment of some sort. There is still a lot to know about how the body works, so the safer route is to avoid legumes.

Can you eat them without seriously risking your ability to maximize health? We will have more certainty only as science advances. Then there it was this morning in my inbox! Trust me, if I could stuff my face with taro every day and have a BMI of 18, I would jump right on the safe starch bandwagon!

A way to bind lectins is to consume glucosamine, which is found in the shells of shrimps. So, if you are going to eat a lectin heavy meal take a glucosamine supplement before. As mentioned, pressure cooking is a simple way to eliminate most lectins. I pressure cook a weeks worth of potatoes and eat them cold to get the benefits of the resistant starch.

I enjoyed this article. The reason why I was attracted to the paleo diet is because of the open minded approach. Finding real foods that work for YOU.

The anti-legume crowd never did convince me. Why are people so anxious to always be jumping on the next bandwagon? It is like a replacement for religion? If you are having trouble digesting organic wheat then you need to see to your gut health, i.

A gastroenterologist I was talking to the other day says his specialty literature mentions that some people are fructans intolerant a form of sugar in wheat and other foods and so when they eschew wheat they improve.

Chris, what you present here is essentially a strawman argument. They would argue, just like you, that the occassional consumption of low amounts of legumes is fine. To launch a whole attack on major paleo thinkers and authors who are actually under attack from all sides by BS fad-diet psuedo-science. None of us are the meat-eater version of vegans. This is not a movement of dogma. And creating dogmatist-strawman characatures of Loren Cordain is damaging to all of us.

Sounds pretty far from an ad hominem attack on Dr. This should apply to nutrition science as well. And yes, those people exist. Chris simply responded to this. And he responded like a gentleman. I personally value clinical experience as high, if not higher than publication count. This comment is not meant in a rude or sarcastic tone. Chris has not done anything confusing, its all very clear to me. As he said on the Robb Wolf show, he is neutral on legumes. Legumes are not the highest nutrient dense food, but they are also not harmful in moderation.

Sometimes I get tired of eating tubers all the time, it makes me happy that sometimes I can take a break from tubers and have some lentils. There was no attack on anyone. Adults should be able to have respectful disagreements, without anyone taking it personally.

Recognizing great diversity in a diet makes it harder to define the diet in a few sound bites, which then creates tension for some people. The paleo diet, in many ways, is too diverse to define on what you have to exclude aside from obvious items, like highly processed foodstuffs. This is especially true considering one can examine different regions and different time periods within the paleolithic.

For example, if you want to go back 2. If you look at more recent times say 50, years ago , hominids were eating grain and legumes along with all kinds of other foods, including lots of animals. The idea for me is then to examine what types of animal foods or grains and legumes they consumed, and find those forms or as close a mimic as possible—ignoring highly derived cultivated plants that have documented losses in nutrition, phytochemistry, and fiber.

There is ample documentation of indigenous people around the world consuming legumes and experiencing health i.

It may seem like more work, but it opens up the diet to greater diversity and stops spreading dogma. Thank you for this post. I am indian and legumes are a big part of our diet. In Indian cooking legumes are soaked overnight very often and are properly prepared. I agree with what you say about being on guard against the herd mentality.

How about sprouts from lentils or peas? They are not paleo if strict, but what about lentil sprouts and anti nutrients? No, I would soak and cook your own. I know someone who can eat homecooked beans all day without a problem, but the storebought canned ones cause the back of her hands to crack and bleed within 20 minutes of consumption.

This leads me to believe that they are not soaking the beans properly. Probably just pressure cooking them from the dried state. Kudos to Eden for their wonderful beans and no BPA in their cans! I cannot imagine my life without their beans. I used to be sensitive to all beans, even the ones cooked and soaked at home. But I can totally enjoy Eden beans. I am able to make a variety of dishes for my family and they allow me to serve different kinds of beans for small or large servings when I need to and not be stuck with the same pot of of beans for a week!

Not to mention that they save me time and make my life a little easier! Cooking destroys enzymes such as phytase. So even though they are soaking in the can, there are no enzymes to neutralize the anti-nutrients. Soaking must be done before cooking.

In fact the research I was able to find seems to show that canned beans are probably ok — and possibly even better than any home method other than soaking and pressure cooking.

This study found that lectins in canned beans are mitigated during the pressure-cooking process. What about phytic acid? Bottom line, soaking and pressure cooking your own beans is probably the best option, but canned beans seem ok, too, at least in terms of phytic acid and lectin content.

Chris, I really appreciate your interpretation of the evidence and your balanced take on this. It is quite helpful to me as I try to determine my own best Paleo template and has made me decide to buy your book! Thank you for taking a scientific, evidence-based approach, instead of a dogmatic one!

I think legumes are problematic for a lot of people. You can read my take on legumes here: Hi- curious about the difference between canned beans and dry ones that are soaked — can you elaborate or point me to an article discussing the processes and how it affects the legumes? Just wondering — never thought about this before!. We need to stop setting ourselves apart with our food choices. Great article Chris, paleo circles have become just as dogmatic as vegans in the last few years, its tiresome.

To be honest, after years of researching and listening to dozens and dozens of different specialists opinions in different fields on paleo and health, i really think that Loren Cordain should just be ignored overall. Keep up the good work Chris and stay open minded as a buffer for the people against all the stupidity in health these days!

After reading both your book and this article, it occurs to me that the Paleo diet is something of a giant detox that alerts the eater to what they can and cannot tolerate, and how much of what foodstuff they can tolerate without gaining weight or incurring other unwanted side-effects. And the education portion has just started, even though the Paleo concept is in the twilight years…some will seem justified in calling Paleo a fad diet, but when is education ever a fad?

But as I mentioned in another comment above, I do think Paleo is still a useful construct. Hi Chris, In your book page you say condensed: Perhaps you should have emphasized what is stated in your book during your nice Dr. I would have loved to. Unfortunately I only had about 30 seconds to discuss legumes during the segment.

I already thought so. Oz and his team give limited space. I think it is already great that paleo was promoted. He clearly fancied you and Nell.

But one thing slightly disappoints me. With your recent focus on the benefits of resistant starch and fermentable fiber I would expect that you might see legumes in a better light. I hope at some point you explore this more. Also might be harmful for anyone with an iron storage disease like hemochromatosis. I very much doubt hunters would expend the energy going after more kills just for the liver and wasting the rest.

The amount of copper in lamb liver varies a lot, depending on what the sheep have been eating. Sheep accumulate copper in the liver more readily than other farm animals. If I eat much local liver green pastures most of the year it makes me ill, as do copper supplements.

Pyroluric people should avoid it. Legumes are a great food! Go eat some beans, people! For those of us who need carbs, legumes are an excellent choice. Lentils and kidney-type beans hold up well against most cuts of meat as far as minerals and b-vitamins per calorie albeit admittedly because they lack the great fats you get in grass fed animal foods, etc. Besides, who said every single morsel that passes our lips has to be absolutely maxed out in nutrient density?

Most traditional cultures get a fair chunk of their calories from something starchy with decidedly modest nutrient density, and get the rest of their needs met with supplementary meats, nuts, leaves, etc.

It would be insane for an omniverous species to have evolved to need every morsel to be maxed out. This does not entitle you to live on twinkies supplemented by small amounts of liver, oysters, and kale.

As a nutritionist who advocates a whole food, nutrient dense diet with a Paleo bent to my clients, I have this conversation about legumes all the time. I do ask them to make legumes part of their elimination stage and then bring them back in. If they can tolerate the, great. Prepare them properly and make them more of a sometime meal, not an everyday meal. Nicely worded and I agree. I however do not… Best to read as much information as possible and then, taking into consideration what we know about our own bodies, make proper assessments and changes to provide optimal health.

No one way of thinking works for every person…. We are after all individuals our DNA is proof of that. But it begs the question: What is really left of the Paleo Diet? The stance on carbs has been softened, dairy is now fine if you can deal with it, and legumes are okay, It seems to me that avoiding gluten is the only thing left that distinguishes this diet from a basic natural, traditional diet like, say, the French eat. Lars, as I said in the article, Paleo is still a useful framework that can guide further investigation and research.

Paleo is a starting place, not a destination. From a dietary perspective, I think Paleo is about maximizing nutrient density and minimizing toxicity most of all.

When I talk to friends about me doing Paleo the most common refrain is it sounds way too hard to do. I completely agree and strongly believe on Chris concept of being open minded, logical and question dogma. Mark, I love your reply. A rose by any other name would smell as sweet. Thank you for posting this response! Nowadays we come armed with all kinds of scientific information to help us make decisions.

It is generally accepted to cover the period of 2. Fossil remains indicate that H. Proto-humans like H habilis spent much of their day finding food, because their food was low-nutrient, fibrous plant stuffs, a small amount of scavenged meat probably ripe in the tropical climate in which he lived , and an even smaller amount of meat that he hunted. As man evolved and spread out of Africa first as proto-humans, then later as modern man into more temperate ones, his largely-plant-cantered diet changed to one higher in animal foods and lower in plant foods.

Like the hunter-gatherers of the historic era, modern Paleo man at all stages ate primarily locally-available and simply-prepared whole foods. That literally covers everything from soup bone broth to nuts. Today, you even see vegan gurus arguing that very early man was vegan, so vegan is the real Paleo. Oops, sorry, that should be 10, years ago when the Neolithic started, not , I am a lousy typist sometimes.

I was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in , had chemo, radiation and surgery. All is great now and to my best ability it will stay that way. Unfortunately, lifestyle may be even harder to fix than diet in the modern world. Most of us cannot live a busy professional life in the city and still move like our ancestors. Modern life also isolates us from the enormous benefits of organic community.

We thought with our technologies, we could rule the planet and have whatever we want. Now the planet loses and we lose. I hope we find a way to turn things around. In the mean time, we have to be even more careful about how we eat. Maybe we need to come up with a different name. I absolutely agree with Chris! Paleo is the reminder of the standards of the food we eat…. Having a sound mind and listening to our bodies is what most people miss! I also had gas as a kid, eating legumes like everybody.

However, at the time I was eating gluten which was destroying me little by little. At least for me. Garbanzo, peas, and white beans are also pretty benign after they have been soaked for 24 hours. To answer your question about what is left of Paleo if we start eating rice, legumes and dairy.

For me, Paleo is this:. GF Chinese is not. So when it comes to grains: If you got to have a sweetener, use unprocessed sugar, raw honey or maple syrup, always in small quantities. If you gotta make a dessert, make it raw. Ferment your dairy, prefer casein A2 milk or any, raw.

Give priority to wild seafood. For me, this sums Paleo up. Its what makes both sense to me, and makes me feel good.

I was strict Paleo for 2 years and even Paleo-ketogenic for a few months, and while my health ailments went away, I never regained energy.

My adrenals and thyroid got trashed in prolonged VLC. I feel and poop better eating this way, that includes more carbs even if I am fat-adapted after so long on VLC.

Regarding my argument about grains: However, they do get better with the Paleo diet, which removes all grains. I, too, trashed my thyroid, and my adrenals by going VLC. I practiced intermittent fasting for probably two years, eating between 10am and 6pm. As a result, my body went into early menopause. In addition, my cholesterol went through the roof The medical doctor wanted to sit and wait…. The problem is this: I read about the AutoImmune protocol.

Finally I went to a naturopath. A vitamin mineral amino acid test showed that I was deficient in several amino acids How can that be when I was eating so high fat, and moderate but good quality protein?

He prescribed a diet that was mostly vegetables, some legumes, brown rice once a day , amaranth once a day , and some fruit. I ate fish every 3rd day. He also had me eat raw almonds soaked as well as raw walnuts soaked. I thought I was going to blow up like a balloon. The majority of my calories where coming from carbs.

I soaked the amaranth in lemon water per Nourishing Traditions. I entered my data on FitDay to see what the macronutrients profile of what I was eating. This whole episode has me questioning Paleo. Is it the panacea that everyone claims it to be? Even Robb Wolf stated that when he first wrote his book, his subjects were diseased populations. These were people who had a lot of weight to lose, had type 2 diabetes, etc.

He agreed that the Paleo diet is evolving as we learn more. VLC and IF is not necessarily good for all populations. My research on IF for women showed that many women had adverse effects to IF….. I wish I had known that before IFing for two years.

After I finish my detox diet, he will put me on a normal diet with more variety. I believe I will probably eat a lot of vegetables, small amount of fruit, good, healthy fats, small amount of meat, which will focus mostly on organ meats, bone broths, and wild fish. I also believe I will allow myself to eat legumes in moderation.

I am still not so sure about grains….. If I fast, it will be all or nothing, and not on work out days. This was a great post! Thank you, Chris, for being open minded, flexible, and allowing the research to speak for itself. The sanest approach is to realize that not everything about nutrition is set in stone. Same experience here too. After I added more veggies, legumes for more fiber , fruits, and brought down my excessive fat and protein consumption, I felt better within 3 days time.

Except my trashed adrenals and thyroid, with Paleo my trigs went off the roof My fatty liver never went away either, while for other people on Paleo it did! I was reading an article about the Hadza people, that women eat more veggies, while men value meat more.

Scientists thought that this was so because the men were hunting, and the women were gathering, so they were valuing their product higher for psychological reasons. I do believe the people who say they found their health with Paleo and Paleo-keto, and their trigs and LDLs all stabilized at healthy levels, but it seems that the majority of them were men!

Paleo has saved my life I was near death when I found Paleo in Sept , but it took me about 2 years too to find out WHICH parts of Paleo to keep, and which to throw out of the window.

My comment above is the knowledge I accumulated in these 2 years on how to eat properly. I am 65 and live in Australia. When I was young in UK all our food was bought fresh at the market, and I continued to carry on that tradition for my own family. I figured that cooking a proper meal after work gave me time to wind down for the day, and it was a lot cheaper.

Now, even though I have shops and restaurants within minutes, I still mainly make my own food, and keep a productive veg garden. At present I am eating green peas and beans and tomatoes straight off the vines for breakfast, with a leaf or two of kale, water cress, lettuce or herbs.

What could be better? Most of my produce is grown in containers. I cannot believe the rows and rows of rubbish food, pre prepared, that groan on the supermarket shelves. They are all so full of additives and salt they mostly taste quite horrible.

Even the so called organic foods are often quite without flavour. There is a movement about for people to grow and eat their own produce again, and I think that is better than following food fads slavishly just because they are in vogue.

Most of this is just marketing manipulation at the end of the day. I am healthy, look much younger than my age, and enjoy my garden. Not much wrong with any of that. They had Crisco and margarine and tons of white sugar in their diets already. Recently saw the food allowance set aside by the adult children for their aged parents in that decade. For the two of them for one year they got a pound pig, pounds of beef, pounds of fish and all the milk and calves of three cows. They also got a little grain, some vegetables whatever was in season , tea and some white and brown sugar.

Some food in the 19th century was adulterated and there was no legislation to protect the way it was produced. There would be chalk in flour and milk, floor sweepings in sweets, re-used tea leaves sold as fresh, and so on. But perhaps if you were living in the country you might have a better chance of eating fresh and unadulterated food.

Many foods or substances may harm you over the long term, without causing any overt symptoms gas, nausea, headaches, changes in blood panel, etc. But what happens in the wake of dropping a term if that were even possible? Get to know your food growers and ranchers. Ask the farmer if the animals are grass-fed and how they deal with sickness.

For example, if they use drugs preventatively or only if the animal is at risk of dying. The initial idea was that margarine was lower in saturated fats than butter, so it would protect heart health. Sadly, trans fats were the original fats used in margarines. Choose butter or ghee from grass-fed cows. Or try coconut oil. Is shrimp good for you? Not in my book. They are usually genetically modified, are partially hydrogenated and have been linked to: I recommend pure, cold pressed, extra virgin coconut oil.

Because it was destroyed, the naturally occurring iodine is then replaced with potassium iodide in potentially toxic amounts. The salt is then stabilized with dextrose, which turns it purple. Finally it is bleached white. A much more suitable replacement is not even a replacement at all, but the original product!

Unfortunately, many doctors recommend them because they are supposedly safe for diabetics because they are low on the glycemic index. Adding insult to injury, sugar substitutes have been clinically linked to: Researchers studied more than 18, women and found the ones who consumed more full-fat dairy were 8 percent less likely to be overweight or obese compared to the low-fat dairy group.

One theory is that eating full-fat dairy helps people feel fuller longer. Also, be sure to always choose organic milk. Research shows organic milk has a much healthier fat profile. The researchers say the far healthier ratio of fatty acids in organic milk is brought about by a greater reliance on pasture and forage-based feeds on organic dairy farms. I also recommend choosing raw milk. Because the enzyme lactase is destroyed in the heating process, people cannot properly digest the milk sugar, lactose.

I choose full-fat raw milk from goats or sheep whenever possible. This includes fish testing positive for malachite green, a carcinogenic veterinary drug used to treat sick fish. Swai is also implicated in widespread seafood fraud. In fact, researchers are even finding it can protect against liver cirrhosis and help people live longer after liver transplants.

All of that sugar, particularly high-fructose corn syrup, is hammering our livers and even contributing to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Stick to black coffee. Agave has the highest fructose content of any commercial sweetener on the market. And remember, fructose is hard on the liver and puts our body into fat storage mode. Cooking them at very high temperatures produces molecules called heterocyclic amines HCAs , though. These are carcinogenic, toxic compounds also found in cigarette smoke.

Using thicker, store-bought marinades containing sweeteners like sugar , high-fructose corn syrup or even honey makes charring more likely, possibly increasing exposure to carcinogens. Also incorporate anticancer herbs like basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano and thyme into your meat marinades. But the side effects are so serious I had to put it on the foods you should never eat list.

This pumpkin-shaped fruit is popular in weight-loss supplements. When it comes to strawberries, always choose organic. Strawberries tested by scientists at the U. I think we need to ask ourselves why these chemicals are in the food system.

In fact, eating just one serving of U. Aside from that, canned green beans contain bisphenol A, a synthetic estrogen. Choose organic, fresh or frozen green beans.

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