It has four removable trays. Usually, a spell-like ability works just like the spell of that name. The powerful throughout the past centuries not only claimed an excessive share of the wealth of nature which was properly shared by all within the community, through the unequal trades of mercantilism they claimed an excessive share of the wealth on the periphery of their trading empires. The attack cannot be of a type that automatically converts to nonlethal damage. The evacuation itself, including gas, lodging and meals out of town, also would be expensive. Markets can behave irrationally—investors can herd behind a stock, pushing its value up in ways entirely unrelated to the stock being traded.
Some item slots are very common and are shared by many useful items boots, belts, rings , and amulets in particular , while some slots are used by only a few items such as body, chest, and eyes. Allowing a character to alter or craft an item for one of these underused slots is allowing the character to bypass built-in choices between popular items. Some of the magic items in the standard rules are deliberately assigned to specific magic item slots for balance purposes, so that you have to make hard choices about what items to wear.
In particular, the magic belts and circlets that give enhancement bonuses to ability scores are in this category—characters who want to enhance multiple physical or mental ability scores must pay extra for combination items like a belt of physical might or headband of mental prowess. If there is a trend of all items of a particular type using a particular slot such as items that grant physical ability score bonuses being belts or items that grant movement bonuses being boots , GMs should be hesitant to allow you to move those abilities to other slots; otherwise, they ignore these deliberate restrictions by cheaply spreading out these items over unused slots.
This is a combination of the two previous warnings. Because most belts enhance physical abilities, wizards rarely have need for standard belt items. Likewise, fighters have little use for most standard head items, so altering an existing fighter item to use the head slot means it has little risk of competition from found head slot items. GMs should consider carefully before allowing you to bypass these intentional, built-in item slot restrictions. You might be tempted to create rings that have charges like wands , or bracers with multiple charge-based effects like staves.
GMs who wish to allow some of these sorts of alterations should consider using the original item as a talismanic component for the final item. You can take advantage of the item creation rules to hand-craft most or all of your magic items. With these advantages, you can carefully craft optimized gear rather than acquiring GM-selected gear over the course of a campaign. For example, a newly created 4th-level character should have about 6, gp worth of gear, but you can craft up to 12, gp worth of gear with that much gold, all of it taking place before the character enters the campaign, making the time-cost of crafting irrelevant.
Some GMs might be tempted to reduce the amount or value of the treasure you acquire to offset this and keep your overall wealth in line with the Character Wealth by Level table. Unfortunately, that has the net result of negating the main benefit of crafting magic items — in effect negating your choice of a feat. If you are creating items for other characters in the party, the increased wealth for the other characters should come out of your increased allotment.
Not only does this prevent you from skewing the wealth by level for everyone in the party, but it encourages other characters to learn item creation feats. The Character Wealth by Level table states that an 8th-level character should have about 33, gp worth of items.
The expectation in a standard campaign is that the PCs go on quests to fighting monsters and collect treasure. This prevents you from profiting by crafting an item and paying half the price to do so and selling it for the full market price. You might want to use an appropriate business to sell crafted items for more than half price, but the downtime system already accounts for using a building to generate money, as well as spending personal time helping run the business see Run a Business.
A typical magic shop earns about 3 gp per day, or perhaps 4—5 gp per day if a skilled owner PC directly participates in running the business. Because magic items are very expensive with the most common potions costing 50 gp or more, far higher than what most commoners can afford , this income represents many days where the business sells nothing, followed by selling one or two high-priced items, which averages out to a few gp of profit per day.
The GM has two options for resolving this mercantile dilemma. Use the Downtime System: This is the simplest solution, and assumes you are spending downtime running the business rather than crafting specific items. Patrick owns a magic shop and has 5 days free between adventures. Instead of crafting specific items for his own use, he uses that time on the run a business downtime activity, with the assumption that he is using his crafting feat to create minor magic items for customers to increase the money generated by his magic shop.
Alter Wealth By Level: Similar to using the item crafting rules to adjust wealth by level , this just applies a flat adjustment to your expected wealth. Each general type of magic item gets an overall description, followed by descriptions of specific items. General descriptions include notes on activation, random generation, and other material. The AC , hardness , hit points , and break DC are given for typical examples of some magic items.
Items with full descriptions have their powers detailed, and each of the following topics is covered in notational form as part of its entry. Most of the time, a detect magic spell reveals the school of magic associated with a magic item and the strength of the aura an item emits. See the detect magic spell description for details.
The next item in a notational entry gives the caster level of the item, indicating its relative power. It also determines the level that must be contended with should the item come under the effect of a dispel magic spell or similar situation. For potions , scrolls , and wands , the creator can set the caster level of an item at any number high enough to cast the stored spell but not higher than her own caster level.
For other magic items, the caster level is determined by the item itself. Most magic items can only be utilized if worn or wielded in their proper slots. If the item is stowed or placed elsewhere, it does not function. This is the cost, in gold pieces, to purchase the item, if it is available for sale. Generally speaking, magic items can be sold by PCs for half this value. This is the weight of an item.
When a weight figure is not given, the item has no weight worth noting for purposes of determining how much of a load a character can carry.
Potions, scrolls , staves, and wands refer to various spells as part of their descriptions see Spell Lists for details on these spells. With the exception of artifacts, most magic items can be built by a spellcaster with the appropriate feats and prerequisites. This section describes those prerequisites. Certain requirements must be met in order for a character to create a magic item. These include feats, spells, and miscellaneous requirements such as level, alignment , and race or kind.
A spell prerequisite may be provided by a character who has prepared the spell or who knows the spell, in the case of a sorcerer or bard , or through the use of a spell completion or spell trigger magic item or a spell-like ability that produces the desired spell effect.
For each day that passes in the creation process, the creator must expend one spell completion item or one charge from a spell trigger item if either of those objects is used to supply a prerequisite. It is possible for more than one character to cooperate in the creation of an item, with each participant providing one or more of the prerequisites. In some cases, cooperation may even be necessary. This is the cost in gold pieces to create the item.
Generally this cost is equal to half the price of an item, but additional material components might increase this number. I looked over the magic item crafting rules and was unable to find an explicit statement on this question:. Does creating a magic item require the creator to be of the same or higher caster level of the item itself? Though the listed Caster Level for a pearl of power is 17th, that caster level is not part of the Requirements listing for that item.
Therefore, the only caster level requirement for a pearl of power is the character has to be able to cast spells of the desired level. However, it makes sense that the minimum caster level of the pearl is the minimum caster level necessary to cast spells of that level—it would be strange for a 2nd-level pearl to be CL 1st.
For example, a 3rd-level wizard with Craft Wondrous Item can create a 1st-level pearl, with a minimum caster level of 1. At the end of this process, the spellcaster must make a single skill check usually Spellcraft , but sometimes another skill to finish the item. If an item type has multiple possible skills, you choose which skill to make the check with. Failing this check means that the item does not function and the materials and time are wasted.
Failing this check by 5 or more results in a cursed item. Note that all items have prerequisites in their descriptions. These prerequisites must be met for the item to be created. The DC to create a magic item increases by 5 for each prerequisite the caster does not meet. The only exception to this is the requisite item creation feat, which is mandatory. In addition, you cannot create potions , spell-trigger, or spell-completion magic items without meeting its prerequisites.
While item creation costs are handled in detail below, note that normally the two primary factors are the caster level of the creator and the level of the spell or spells put into the item.
A creator can create an item at a lower caster level than her own, but never lower than the minimum level needed to cast the needed spell.
Using metamagic feats, a caster can place spells in items at a higher level than normal. Magic supplies for items are always half of the base price in gp. For many items, the market price equals the base price. Armor, shields, weapons, and items with value independent of their magically enhanced properties add their item cost to the market price. The item cost does not influence the base price which determines the cost of magic supplies , but it does increase the final market price.
In addition, some items cast or replicate spells with costly material components. For these items, the market price equals the base price plus an extra price for the spell component costs. The cost to create these items is the magic supplies cost plus the costs for the components. Descriptions of these items include an entry that gives the total cost of creating the item. The creator also needs a fairly quiet, comfortable, and well-lit place in which to work. Any place suitable for preparing spells is suitable for making items.
Potions and scrolls are an exception to this rule; they can take as little as 2 hours to create if their base price is gp or less. Scrolls and potions whose base price is more than gp, but less than 1, gp, take 8 hours to create, just like any other magic item. The character must spend the gold at the beginning of the construction process.
Regardless of the time needed for construction, a caster can create no more than one magic item per day.
The caster can work for up to 8 hours each day. He cannot rush the process by working longer each day, but the days need not be consecutive, and the caster can use the rest of his time as he sees fit.
This time is not spent in one continuous period, but rather during lunch, morning preparation, and during watches at night. If time is dedicated to creation, it must be spent in uninterrupted 4-hour blocks.
This work is generally done in a controlled environment, where distractions are at a minimum, such as a laboratory or shrine. Work that is performed in a distracting or dangerous environment nets only half the amount of progress just as with the adventuring caster. A character can work on only one item at a time. If a character starts work on a new item, all materials used on the under-construction item are wasted.
Standard items can be made unique without changing their mechanics by adding flavorful descriptions or backstories.
Alternatively, making an item intelligent or cursed, combining two items into one, or adding an unusual power to an existing item are all perfectly good changes that can make items more memorable. Similar to providing a historical background for an item, creating a story that directly connects the item to one or more player characters in the game allows a GM to spin a fascinating story—possibly one that is directly connected to a story feat.
A restless spirit haunts the item. This lingering spirit might be something that evokes sympathy from the PCs, such as a young child who died in a tragic way or a grandmother who was killed by her family so they could gain her fortune. Alternatively, a nasty spirit could inhabit the item, in which case each use might require a battle of wills. A mundane sword wielded by a famous war hero or a suit of leather armor crafted by artisans of a long-lost civilization could provide adventure hooks involving the historical figures or cultures associated with the item.
Historians and collectors alike would prize such items simply to study or own, and may send PCs on adventures to retrieve them. Bards in particular may be interested in tracking down such pieces, as the recovery could earn the lore masters prestige as procurers of museum-worthy items.
Give an item a spark of intelligence to make it more intriguing. Certainly the player characters are used to intelligent weapons, but what about an intelligent folding boat? Once an item is imbued with intelligence, its use can no longer be taken for granted, instead requiring a diplomatic encounter or battle of wills. Can the PCs convince the boat to unfold?
If so, can they then persuade or cajole it to allow them aboard to make their journey? When you name an item, many players automatically think of it as something special. Proper names pique interest, and you may find players asking to research the named item at various libraries and taking notes about the discovered references. Sometimes, finding an item is necessary before a larger adventure can commence. Though required, such an item may have no further importance beyond being necessary to achieve another goal.
For example, suppose the PCs need to find the key to an otherwise impenetrable vault. The search for the sword thus becomes part of a larger campaign. Who says every rod of rulership , cape of the mountebank , or flying carpet has to look exactly the same?
Sure, the item works the same as the other ones, but making a small variation, even if just a minor or superficial change, opens a tremendous host of possibilities for making treasure more wondrous.
To make a fairly mundane item more prized, alter the materials used to craft it. Sometimes, lack of funds or time make it impossible for a magic item crafter to create the desired item from scratch. Fortunately, it is possible to enhance or build upon an existing magic item. Only time, gold, and the various prerequisites required of the new ability to be added to the magic item restrict the type of additional powers one can place. The cost to add additional abilities to an item is the same as if the item was not magical, less the value of the original item.
For example, if a character adds the power to confer invisibility to her ring of protection 2, the cost of adding this ability is the same as for creating a ring of invisibility multiplied by 1. Many factors must be considered when determining the price of new magic items. The easiest way to come up with a price is to compare the new item to an item that is already priced, using that price as a guide. Otherwise, use the guidelines summarized on Table: The correct way to price an item is by comparing its abilities to similar items see Magic Item Gold Piece Values , and only if there are no similar items should you use the pricing formulas to determine an approximate price for the item.
If you discover a loophole that allows an item to have an ability for a much lower price than is given for a comparable item, the GM should require using the price of the item, as that is the standard cost for such an effect. The formula indicates this would cost 2, gp spell level 1, caster level 1.
For these items, just replace the price of the non-magical masterwork item with the cost of the new type of item. A 0-level spell is half the value of a 1st-level spell for determining price. If the spell has a hour duration or greater, divide the cost in half. If it has some daily limit, determine as if it had 50 charges.
If the GM is using the downtime system , both you and the other character must use downtime at the same time for this purpose. Only you make the skill check to complete the item — or, if there is a chance of creating a cursed item , the GM makes the check in secret. Abilities such as an attack roll bonus or saving throw bonus and a spell-like function are not similar, and their values are simply added together to determine the cost. Once you have a cost figure, reduce that number if either of the following conditions applies:.
Item Requires Skill to Use: Some items require a specific skill to get them to function. Since different classes get access to certain spells at different levels, the prices for two characters to make the same item might actually be different.
An item is only worth two times what the caster of the lowest possible level can make it for. Calculate the market price based on the lowest possible level caster, no matter who makes the item.
Not all items adhere to these formulas. The price of a magic item may be modified based on its actual worth. The formulas only provide a starting point. The pricing of scrolls assumes that, whenever possible, a wizard or cleric created it. Potions and wands follow the formulas exactly. Staves follow the formulas closely, and other items require at least some judgment calls. To create magic armor, a character needs a heat source and some iron, wood, or leatherworking tools.
He also needs a supply of materials, the most obvious being the armor or the pieces of the armor to be assembled. Armor to be made into magic armor must be masterwork armor, and the masterwork cost is added to the base price to determine final market value.
Additional magic supply costs for the materials are subsumed in the cost for creating the magic armor—half the base price of the item. Creating magic armor has a special prerequisite: If an item has both an enhancement bonus and a special ability, the higher of the two caster level requirements must be met.
Magic armor or a magic shield must have at least a 1 enhancement bonus to have any armor or shield special abilities. If spells are involved in the prerequisites for making the armor, the creator must have prepared the spells to be cast or must know the spells, in the case of a sorcerer or bard and must provide any material components or focuses the spells require. Creating some armor may entail other prerequisites beyond or other than spellcasting. See the individual descriptions for details.
Time Required Crafting magic armor requires one day for each 1, gp value of the base price. Craft Magic Arms and Armor. Spellcraft or Craft armor. The myriad of threats that adventures face often go well beyond mere weapons, so many spellcasters trained in the use of armor seek to augment it with spells. A single suit of armor can be inscribed with a number of spells equal to its base armor bonus not including its enhancement bonus. If you are using the piecemeal armor rules, only a piece of armor that grants an armor bonus can be spellscribed.
The maximum level for spells contained in spellscribed armor depends on the type of armor being inscribed. Light armor, a buckler, or a light shield can hold up to 3rdlevel spells; medium armor or a heavy shield can hold up to 6th-level spells; heavy armor or a tower shield can hold up to 9th-level spells. An inscribed spell is a spell-completion item that only the wearer of spellscribed armor may activate , and only if he is proficient with the type of armor worn.
The inscribed spell vanishes when activated. The inscribed spell must be visible to the wearer and must be touched as part of its activation. Spells inscribed on armor can be dispelled as if they were separate magic items treat them as scrolls , wholly independent of the suit of armor on which they are etched.
To create a magic weapon, a character needs a heat source and some iron, wood, or leatherworking tools. She also needs a supply of materials, the most obvious being the weapon or the pieces of the weapon to be assembled.
Only a masterwork weapon can become a magic weapon, and the masterwork cost is added to the total cost to determine final market value. Creating a magic weapon has a special prerequisite: A magic weapon must have at least a 1 enhancement bonus to have any melee or ranged special weapon abilities. If spells are involved in the prerequisites for making the weapon, the creator must have prepared the spells to be cast or must know the spells, in the case of a sorcerer or bard but need not provide any material components or focuses the spells require.
At the time of creation, the creator must decide if the weapon glows or not as a side-effect of the magic imbued within it. This decision does not affect the price or the creation time, but once the item is finished, the decision is binding.
Creating magic double-headed weapons is treated as creating two weapons when determining cost, time, and special abilities. Creating some weapons may entail other prerequisites beyond or other than spellcasting. Time Required Crafting a magic weapon requires 1 day for each 1, gp value of the base price. Spellcraft , Craft bows for magic bows and arrows , or Craft weapons for all other weapons.
The creator of a potion needs a level working surface and at least a few containers in which to mix liquids, as well as a source of heat to boil the brew. In addition, he needs ingredients. The costs for materials and ingredients are subsumed in the cost for brewing the potion: All ingredients and materials used to brew a potion must be fresh and unused.
The character must pay the full cost for brewing each potion. Economies of scale do not apply. The imbiber of the potion is both the caster and the target. Spells with a range of personal cannot be made into potions.
The creator must have prepared the spell to be placed in the potion or must know the spell, in the case of a sorcerer or bard and must provide any material component or focus the spell requires. Material components are consumed when he begins working, but a focus is not. The act of brewing triggers the prepared spell, making it unavailable for casting until the character has rested and regained spells. Time Required Brewing a potion requires 1 day.
Spellcraft or Craft alchemy. To create a magic ring, a character needs a heat source. He also needs a supply of materials, the most obvious being a ring or the pieces of the ring to be assembled.
The cost for the materials is subsumed in the cost for creating the ring. Ring costs are difficult to determine. Estimating Magic Item Gold Piece Values and use the ring prices in the ring descriptions as a guideline.
Having a spell with a costly component as a prerequisite does not automatically incur this cost. When a protein shake is consumed just before bedtime, the amount of energy burned while you sleep increases. Getting protein or carbs before sleeping may boost morning metabolism, reported researchers in the January issue of the British Journal of Nutrition.
However, their study included only 11 subjects, so the results may not apply to everyone. When overweight women had a casein powder shake at bedtime, they felt less hungry in the morning, according to a study in Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism in January All of these small effects work together to burn more calories. The protein sources include egg, beef, vegetables such as peas and soy, and the milk proteins whey and casein. Athletes training to build muscles may prefer a combination of whey and casein, because whey is rapidly absorbed while casein enters the system slowly.
Choosing a protein powder often comes down to personal preferences, but when the goal is weight loss, the bottom line is the number of calories per serving.
Video of the Day. Atkins Protein Shake Diets. Blackberries and Weight Loss. Protein Powder for Weight Loss in Women. And please make sure if you're soliciting advice, you make it clear you're seeking suggestions—and please be considerate not to offer unsolicited advice. Sometimes people just need to complain and want solidarity, not solutions. I am not receiving anything in return for my recommendations here, nor am I affiliated in any way with any of the companies mentioned herein.
Any endorsements made are on products I purchased myself, just because I like them! As always, please feel welcome and encouraged to share pix of the fuzzy, feathered, or scaled members of your family in comments. Here are some more things in the news today Democrats fail in bid for U. Supreme Court nominee documents https: Pussy Riot member Pyotr Verzilov in critical condition in Moscow toxicology unit suffering from suspected poisoning.
As time went by it did not go up by much. Then, a long time later, they started to report really large numbers, like This was done by the Democrats in order to make me look as bad as possible when I was successfully raising Billions of Dollars to help rebuild Puerto Rico. If a person died for any reason, like old age, just add them onto the list.
I love Puerto Rico! All day every day I am incandescently angry that this man is president. Occasionally he says or does or tweets something so obscene that I briefly fear my anger will go supernova and tear a hole in the universe. Susan Sarandon was a complete asshole during the election — one of Bernie Sanders' most obnoxious surrogates, who splained at Dolores Huerta, asserted that Hillary Clinton was "more dangerous" than Donald Trump, said that a Trump presidency was "more likely" to usher in positive change than a Clinton presidency, and then voted for Jill Stein.
She has continued to disgorge stupid trash along the same vein post-election, in some contemptible bid to justify the stupid trash she said two years ago. We would be at war [if she was president]. Part 1 ; Part 2. If you are in the areas for which evacuations have been ordered, and are a non-incarcerated person who is allowed to evacuate , please heed the evacuation orders for your own safety.
It's chilling, even from space. Do not focus on the wind speed category of Hurricane Florence! Life-threatening storm surge flooding, catastrophic flash flooding and prolonged significant river flooding are still expected. Hosted by a yellow sofa. Suggested by Shaker catvoncat: In every possible iteration. Although, as y'all have surely noticed, I like swearing generally and tend to be pretty diverse and creative about it! Cute , The Dud Abides. Manafort , Robert Mueller , Russia , Trump.
Methuen Police Chief Joseph Solomon said there were so many fires "you can't even see the sky. At least one person died and thousand of residents in three Merrimack Valley communities were urged to evacuate from their homes after a series of gas explosions ignited fires in the area.
The affected communities are Lawrence, Andover, and North Andover. Leonel Rondon, 18, of Lawrence, died after a chimney from a house explosion fell on the car he was in on Chickering Road, the Essex County district attorney's office said in a statement late Thursday. About 20 other people, including at least one firefighter, were injured and being treated at local hospitals as a result of the explosions or fires.
As of late Thursday, it remained unclear what exactly caused the blasts. The state fire marshal's office had said the fires followed a high pressure gas main explosion. State emergency management officials said that "possible gas line over-pressurization" could be the source of the explosions. However, state police officials said in a tweet Thursday evening that it is "far too early to speculate on [a] cause. I fear that it was the first significant cyberattack on our utility grid.
We know that Russia has been planning an attack on U. And we know that Russian diplomats, presumed to be Russian intelligence agents, have been "waging a quiet effort to map the United States' telecommunications infrastructure, perhaps preparing for an opportunity to disrupt it. NATO is concerned enough to be closely monitoring the drills, which involve ", troops, over 1, military aircraft, and two naval fleets," and during which Vladimir Putin delivered a speech to soldiers, vowing "to strengthen the Russian army and supply it with new generation weapons and equipment.
And we also know, coincidentally, that Special Counsel Bob Mueller struck a plea deal with Paul Manafort late yesterday , and it is still unclear as of this writing whether he was given the deal without any promise of cooperation with the Russia probe.
Hsu and Devlin Barrett at the Washington Post note: I also fear that, even if that is indeed the case, we may never get confirmation of it from officials, who feel obliged to conceal it out of some misplaced belief in maintaining public safety by lying to us.
It's frankly very concerning to me, as well, how little national coverage this story has gotten, even despite coverage of the hurricane. My condolences to the family and friends of Leonel Rondon. I'm so sorry for your loss.
My thoughts remain with the people who were injured; I hope they have access to the resources they need to recover. I also hope that people whose homes were damaged or destroyed will be treated well by their insurance companies, and get back to something resembling regular life with as few barriers as possible. We are not being governed by compassionate or decent people; we need more than ever to be compassionate and decent to each other in times of crisis.
So far, there are no reports of serious injuries or death. I desperately hope that will remain the case throughout the day, even as I know how unlikely that is. Hurricane Florence , hurricanes. Bezos , class warfare , privatization , public education. Cute , Legends of Zelda. Puerto Rico , Trump. Oh my god, I would tell him just start all over again. I mean, I don't think we can grade him.
I think what he's done that is the most significant is that, by no — unintentionally, he has energized, um, you know, by making it so clear, the way governme— I mean, in all fairness to Trump, this stuff was all laid in place over the last 12 years.
I mean, this didn't just suddenly happen. Democrats were losing thousands and thousands of seats, then all these things were put in place, and refu— People were being deported, and there was many, many wars, and all of that was happening, but he is so bumbling, and he is so — he's like a character out of a cartoon or something — that you can't not be aware of what's going on now.
And — and Bernie Sanders proved that you could run without taking dark money, without taking PAC money, and so you're seeing an enormous amount of people that are using that and are running and winning. And so many women in primaries, and now we've got, you know, more, uh, elections coming up, and those people — you never saw that population running. So many women, I think like forty percent more women, are running for office and becoming elected.
We're on the verge of having the governors of Florida, Georgia, and Maryland be people of color, and one woman of co— Now that, you know, this is a revolution.
It may not seem like one. So things have gotten— What is it?