Metformin: Side-Effects & Benefits

Nutrition information

Diabetic Nephropathy
Lost weight and feeling great. Unfortunately, as always as soon as you stop the disease returns at full force. It may not seem like much, but biscuits, candy etc can cause spikes in blood sugar levels. A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association demonstrates a low-salt zone where stroke, heart attack and death are more likely. Years and years of suffering and then, complete relief of the pain in 17 out of the 21 patients within days. Not salt, not fat. I probably use even more salt than before this diet, as the excessive amount of water I drink everyday depletes my electrolytes upwards of 1 gallon per day.

What is a normal blood sugar level?

Diabetes Cure Guide

This causes them to leak a type of protein called albumin into your urine. Albumin can be measured to help diagnose and determine the progression of diabetic nephropathy.

The exact reason this occurs in people with diabetes is unknown, but high blood sugar levels and high blood pressure are thought to contribute to diabetic nephropathy.

Persistently high blood sugar or blood pressure levels are two things that can damage your kidneys, making them unable to filter waste and remove water from your body. If you have diabetes, your doctor will mostly likely perform yearly blood and urine tests on you to check for early signs of kidney damage.

That is because diabetes is a risk factor for kidney damage. A microalbuminuria urine test checks for albumin in your urine. Normal urine does not contain albumin, so the presence of the protein in your urine is a sign of kidney damage. A BUN blood test checks for the presence of urea nitrogen in your blood. Urea nitrogen forms when protein is broken down. Higher than normal levels of urea nitrogen in your blood may be a sign of kidney failure.

A serum creatinine blood test measures creatinine levels in your blood. Your kidneys remove creatinine from your body by sending creatinine to the bladder, where it is released with urine. If your kidneys are damaged, they cannot remove the creatinine properly from your blood. High creatinine levels in your blood may mean that your kidneys are not functioning correctly. Your doctor will use your creatinine level to estimate your glomerular filtration rate eGFR , which helps to determine how well your kidneys are working.

If your doctor suspects that you have diabetic nephropathy, they may order a kidney biopsy. A kidney biopsy is a surgical procedure in which a small sample of one or both of your kidneys is removed, so it can be viewed under a microscope. Early treatment can help slow down the progression of kidney disease.

There are five stages of kidney disease. Stage 1 is the mildest stage and kidney functionality can be restored with treatment. Stage 5 is the most severe form of kidney failure. At stage 5, the kidney is no longer functional, and you will need to have dialysis or a kidney transplant. Your glomerular filtration rate GFR can be used to help your doctor determine the stage of your kidney disease.

Knowing your stage is important because that will affect your treatment plan. To calculate your GFR, your doctor will use the results from a creatinine blood test along with your age, gender, and physique.

There is no cure for diabetic nephropathy, but treatments can delay or stop the progression of the disease. Treatments consist of keeping blood sugar levels under control and blood pressure levels within their target range through medications and lifestyle changes. Your doctor will also recommend special diet modifications. If your kidney disease progresses to ESRD, you will require more invasive treatments.

Your doctor may do blood tests to check your levels. Tell your doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. This site is published by Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The material on this site is intended only as informational or as an educational aid and it is not intended to be taken as medical advice. The ultimate responsibility for patient care resides with a healthcare professional.

This information is intended for the use of patients and caregivers in the United States and Puerto Rico only. Laws, regulatory requirements, and medical practices for pharmaceutical products vary from country to country. Skip to main content. Amputations mainly involve removal of the toe or part of the foot; however, amputations involving the leg, below and above the knee, have also occurred.

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